I think these camps are not clearly formulated, but they feel very real when you end up in disagreement. So I wanted to write about the three that came my way just today.
Testing should be a task not a role -camp
There's a significant group of people that have hurt my feelings in agile conferences telling me I am no longer welcome. Testing should be a task not a role is usually their slogan. They seem to believe that professional testers and testing specialists should not be hired, but all programming and testing work should be intertwined into teams of generalists. Of course generalists are not all made of the same wood, so often these generalists can be programming testing specialists, but the part about programming is often the key.
I've seen this work great. I can see it might work great even in my team. But then I probably wouldn't be in my team. And my team couldn't say things like "things were bad for us before Maaret joined". Because the things I bring with me are not just the stuff around automated or exploratory testing of the product, I also tend to hold space for safety and learning. And I do work with code, but more like 20% of my time.
I hypothesize that if this was the dominant perspective, we would have even less women's voices in software development. And I would choose having diverse views through roles over homogenizing any day.
Testers vs. Developers -camp
This is my reframe of the group of people I would think of as testing traditionalists. They're building a profession of testers, but often with the idea of emphasizing the importance of the job/role/position through pointing out how developers fail at testing. They make jokes on test automation engineers being not developers not testers (bad at both). They often emphasize the traditional tester trainings and certifications. They don't mean to set us up to two camps, but much of communication around us and them feels very protective.
I have seen this be commonplace. I have not seen it work great. Creating separate goals for testers (go find bugs!) and developers (get the solutions out there as specified!) isn't helping us finish on time, and making awesome software.
Developers working with testers in this camp have a tendency of becoming religious about Testing should not be a role -camp, if they care for quality. If they just work here and do what is told, they probably will live with whatever structure their organization put them into.
Testers and Developers -camp
I would like to believe there is a group of people like me, who don't identify with either of the camp archetypes defined above. They believe there can be professional testers (profession/role/job/position, whatever you call it) and some of them can be awesome with automation focus, and some of them can be awesome with exploratory testing focus. They might cross role-task boundaries frequently, in particular through pairing. The keyword is collaboration. Bringing the best of us, a group of diverse people with differing interests showing up and differing skills areas, into the work we are doing by collaborating.
This group tends to shift left, until there is no more left or right as things turn continuous.
Where does this lead us?
As with the stuff around schools of testing, this is putting people into boxes that are defined through trying to describe what is good about the way I think. I will continue to evangelize the idea of letting people like me - and people like me 5 years ago - and people like me 20 years ago - enter the field and learn to love it as I have learned to love it. I know I make a positive difference in my projects. I belong here. And I know others like me belong here.
I want to see us thinking of ways of bringing people in, not closing them out. I'm open for new ideas how that could be possible for those who realize they want to be programmers only after they have become excellent through deep, continuous learning of things that are not programming but make us excellent exploratory testers. And it might take some decades of personal experiences.