Wednesday, June 30, 2021

Social Programming Approaches

A year ago, I was preparing for a keynote coming up in autumn 2020 where I had promised to talk about social software testing approaches. Organizing my experiences, I wrote an article for  and started the work of replacing mob and mobbing with ensemble and ensembling. 

I described four prominent social software testing approaches, two for groups and two for pairs. 

  • Ensemble testing 
  • Bug bash
  • Traditional pair testing
  • Strong-style pair testing
Today, I started thinking through the programming equivalents of these, and how I have come to make sense in the concepts. I have long ago accepted that everyone will use words as they please, and more words in explaining how we think around the words is usually better. Today I wanted to think through:
  • Traditional and Strong-Style Pair Programming
  • Ensemble programming
  • Swarming
  • Code retreats
  • Coding dojos
  • Hackathons and Codefest
  • Bug Bust

Bug Bust is a new type of event that resembles Bug Bash on testing side, focused on cleaning up easily identifiable code bugs. I have not seen anyone run one yet, but I noticed AWS is setting this up a thing to do, and time will tell if that turns out to be popular. 

Hackathon is the closest programming equivalent to bug bashes on the testing side. Hackathons come to programming with the idea of creating a program in a limited timeframe, usually in a competitive setting. A hackathon comes with a price, seeks survival of the fittest solution, and seeks to impress. I generally hate it for its competitive nature. It says there is a team but how the team works is open. The competition is between teams. Similar time-boxed things without the competitiveness have been dubbed as "20% time" and codefest [Hilkka Huotari writes about this here in Finnish], still seeking this idea of bringing together small teams on something uncertain yet relevant but a bit off the usual path of what we're working on for limited amount of time for emergent teams

Coding dojos are practice-oriented group sessions. Having experienced some, I have come to think of them as pair working and group watching, with rotation. Truth be told, coding dojos are a predecessor to ensemble programming.  Coding dojos usually happened in combination with code katas, rehearsal problems we would do in this format. 

Code retreats are also practice-oriented group sessions, that are organized around repeating solving same problem in code under various constraints. The usual problem I have experiences some tens of times now is the game of life, and there's whole books on constraints we could try and introduce. A constraint could be something like taking so small steps that tests pass at 2 minutes and gets checked in, or the solution needs to seek a simpler, smaller step. The work is done in pairs, pairs switched between sessions, and the learning experience framed with regular retrospectives to cross-pollinate ideas and experiences. 

Swarming is a team work method that I differentiate from ensemble programming with the idea that it brings together subgroups rather than teams, and is inherently temporary in nature. The driving force for swarming is a problem that needs attention from multiple people. I have come to swarming from context of kanban boards and work-in-progress limits needing special attention to one of the activities we model, and swarming is a way of ensuring we can get the work moving from where it has been piling up. 

Ensemble programming is about the entire team working as a team together on one task at a time. To work on the same task, it usually means sharing one keyboard. A new group ensembling looks an awful lot like a coding dojo, with guardrail rules to enforce a communication baseline, except we may also be working on production code related tasks, not just rehearsal problems. A seasoned group communicates on an entirely different level, and the dynamic looks different. 

Strong-style pairing is ensemble programming as a pair. It asks for the same rule as the ensemble has where ideas and decisions come from the person off the keyboard

Traditional pairing is the pairing where one on the keyboard is doing programming and the other off keyboard is reviewing and contributing

We have plenty of options for social programming available to us. Social programming is worthwhile because we don't know what we don't know, but sharing the context of doing something together brings us those serendipitous learnings, in the context of doing. How much and what kind of social programming you sprinkle into your teams is up to you. 

Tuesday, June 1, 2021

Scaling by the Bubble

At work, there are many change programs ongoing, to an extent that it makes me feel overwhelmed. 

We have a change program I walked away from that tries to change half the organization by injecting a process with Jira. I walked away as I just felt so disconnected with the goals and decided that sleeping better and being true to my values would always win over trying to fix things in some kind of scale. Me walking away gives those who continue a better chance of completing and we can come back to reflect the impacts on some appropriate scale.

We have a change program I just volunteered with seeking benefits of platforms and product lines, and I still believe it could be a nice forum of likeminded people to figure out alignment. 

And we have a change program where we audit and assess teams for their implementations of whatever the process is, giving me a chance to also consider relationship of process and results. I volunteer with that one too.

But in general, I have come to understand that I make major changes in organizations from a very different style than what we usually see. And as I just listened to Woody Zuill mention the same style giving it a name 'the Bubble', I felt like I need to write about scaling by the Bubble.

The basic idea as I see it with 'the Bubble' instead of starting where it is hard - in scale - we start where it is possible. Injecting someone like me into a team that needs to change towards continuous delivery, modern agile and impact/value oriented way of working with streams of value that can be reused over products is an intervention introducing a start of the Bubble. 

My bubble may start with "system testing", but it soon grows to "releases", "customer experience", "requirements", "conversations" and through "technical excellence" to "developer productivity". Instead of planning the structure we seek, we discover the structure by making small shaping changes continuously. We protect the change by 'the Bubble', creating interfaces that simplify and focus things in the bubble. And we grow the bubble by sharing results that are real, recent and local to the organization. 

Having been around in organizations, I see too much top-down improvements (failing) and not enough bubble-based improvements. 

My bubble now is trying to change, over the next two years, culture and expectations in scale. Every day, every small improvement, makes tomorrow a little better than today. Continuous streams make up great changes.